Read the following passage carefully and answer questions from 1 to 5:
If India has to develop her internal strengths, the nation has to focus on the technological imperatives,
keeping inmind three dynamic dimensions : The people, the overall economy and the strategic interests.
These technological imperatives also take into account a 'fourth' dimension, time, an offshoot of modern day dynamism
in business trade, and technology that leads to continually shifting targets. We believe theat technological strengths
are especially crucial in dealing with this fourth dimension underlying continuous change in the aspirations of the people,
the economy in the global context, and the strategic interests. The progress of technology lies at the heart of human history.
Technological strengths are the key to creating more productive employment in an increasingly competitive market place and
to conintually upgrade human skills. Without a pervasive use of technologies we cannot acheive overall development of our people in the years to come.
The direct linkages of technology to the nations strategic strenghts are becoming more and more clear, especially since 1990's. India's own strength
in a number of core areas still puts it in a position of reasonable strength in geo-political context. Any nation aspiring to become a developed one
needs to have strengths in various strategic technologies and also the ability to continually upgrade them through its own creative strengths.
For people- oriented actions as well, whether for the creation of large scale productive employment or for ensuring nutritional and health security
for people, or for better living conditions, technology is the only vital input. The absence of greater technological impetus could lead to
lower productivity and wastage of precious natural resources. The technolgoical imperatives to lift our people to a new life, and to a life they are
entitled to is important. India, aspiring to become a major economic power interms of trade and increase in GDP, cannot succeed on the strength of turnkey projects designed and built abroad or only through large scale imports of plant machinery, equipments and know how. Even while being alive to the short-term realities,
medium and long term strategies to develop core technological strengths within our industry are vital for envisioning a developed India.
1. The advantage of technological inputs would result in: